Anne Jemima Clough was an early English suffragist and a promoter of higher education for women. Born on 20th January 1820 at 9 Rodney Street she was the daughter of a wealthy cotton merchant and spent her early years in Charleston, South Carolina, where her father endeavoured to develop his business interests. The family returned to Liverpool in 1836 and following the failure of her father's business in 1841 she opened a small girls' school. She later lived with her widowed mother at 51 Vine Street (demolished). After running a school near Ambleside she moved to London in 1861 following the death of her brother, the poet Arthur Hugh Clough, to assist his widow with the care of their children. She continued to develop her interest in the education of women and became the first principal of Newnham College, Cambridge, when it opened in 1871. She died in her rooms at Newnham on 27 February 1892 and was buried in the churchyard at Grantchester.
Anne Clough lived here until she was 2 years old when the family moved to the USA.
There is a comprehensive entry for Anne Clough in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Newnham College Cambridge an interesting appreciation of her life on their website.
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