MUSPRATT, Max  [1872-1934]

The Muspratt family came to Liverpool from Dublin in 1822 when James Muspratt established a chemical factory in Vauxhall Road. He prospered in the city and built a family home at Seaforth Hall, where, in 1872, James’ grandson Max, was born. His parents were Edmund Knowles Muspratt and Frances Jane Baines. One of eight children, his siblings included the prominent suffragettes Nessie Stewart-Brown and Julia Solly.

Educated at Clifton College, Bristol and Zurich Polytechnic, where he studied industrial chemistry, he joined the family business (United Alkali Business) in 1892, becoming a director in 1901 and Chairman in 1914. In 1926 the company merged with three other companies to form I.C.I. (Imperial Chemical Industries) and Max Muspratt remained a director until his death in 1934.

He served on Liverpool City Council from 1904 as a Liberal and in 1910 was elected as M.P. for the Liverpool Exchange constituency. However, his parliamentary career was short-lived as he failed to hold the seat when a second election was held in December 1901 and in the following year he failed to win the Bootle constituency in a by-election. He served as Lord Mayor of Liverpool from 1916-17. He eventually left the Liberals, joining the Conservative Party in 1926.

In the 1922 dissolution honours he was created a baronet but the baronetcy became extinct upon his death. His son, Rudolph, pre-deceased him and although he had had twin sons they sadly died in infancy.

From the early part of the 20th century Max Muspratt lived in an imposing mansion, The Grange, at No. 12 Fulwood Park, his home until his death. Earlier family homes had been at 2 Mannering Road L17 and 23 Devonshire Road L8.

2 Mannering Road L17

Muspratt's home c.1900.

The Grange, 12 Fulwood Park L17

The box designed by Adshead and Stanley Churchill Ramsey given to servicemen at Christmas 1914 by Princess Mary


There is a comprehensive entry for Muspratt in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography and an outline biography on Wikipedia.